High Demand Questions                            QUESTIONSHEET 1

(a) Teresa set up the circuit shown in the diagram.  The ammeter reading was 0.4 A.

(i)    What is the value of the current through the 4W resistor?

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(ii)    What is the value of the current through the 6W resistor?

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(b) Calculate:

(i)    the potential difference across the 6W resistor.                                                                                                         (2 marks, 2 lines)

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(ii)    the potential difference across the 4W resistor.                                                                                                    (1 mark, 2 lines)

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(c) A third resistor is placed in series with the 4W and 6W resistors.  The total resistance of 3 resistors in series is given by:  Rtotal =  R1 + R2 + R3.  The current now falls to 0.25 A.

Calculate the value of the third resistor.                                                                                                                           (3 marks, 3 lines)

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TOTAL  / 8

High Demand Questions                            QUESTIONSHEET 2

(a) An electric kettle has a power rating of 2.4 kW.

(i)    Using the equation:  Power (W) = energy transferred

time

calculate the electrical energy used by the kettle in 1 minute.

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(ii)    Not all the energy supplied by the mains goes into heating the water.  What happens to it?

(1 mark, 1 line)

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(b) (i)    Power is also given by the equation:  Power (W) = potential difference ´ current

Calculate the current flowing the the electric kettle element. (mains voltage is 240 V)

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(ii)    Name 2 other appliances in the home that convert electrical energy to mainly heat energy.                                                                                                                                                                                  (2 marks, 1 line)

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(c) (i)     The cost of electricity is given by:

cost = power (kW) ´ time (h) ´ cost of 1 kWh

If electricity costs 10p per unit and the kettle is on for a total of 20 h per quarter, calculate the cost of

running the kettle.                                                                                                                                                                   (1 mark, 2 lines)

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(ii)    Calculate the cost of running a 100W light bulb for the same length of time.

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(iii)   Express the cost of running the light bulb as a percentage of the cost of running the kettle for the

same length of time.                                                                                                                                                        (1 mark, 2 lines)

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TOTAL  / 8

High Demand Questions                            QUESTIONSHEET 3

An electric kettle has a power rating of 2.4 kW when it is connected to a 240 V power supply. To make a cup of tea the kettle is switched on for three minutes. During a morning it is used five times to make cups of tea.

(a) If one unit of electricity costs 8p. Use the following equations to calculate the total cost of using the

kettle in the morning.

units = power ´ time (hours)

cost of electricity = energy transferred ´ price per unit

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(b) The kettle is connected to the mains using a standard plug.

(i)    Write down the equation which relates current, power and voltage.

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(ii)    Calculate the current used by the electric kettle when it is operating. Show clearly how you obtain

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(iii)   Should a 3 A fuse or a 13 A fuse be fitted?

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(c) The kettle is made out of plastic and there are no exposed metal parts. Why is it still necessary to have

a fuse in the plug?                                                                                                                                                               (1 mark, 1 line)

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TOTAL  / 8

High Demand Questions                            QUESTIONSHEET 4

A pupil sets up the circuit diagram shown below.

(a) When the thermistor is left in the air, the voltmeter reads 10 V.
(i)    What is the voltage across the 1000 W fixed resistor?

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(ii)    Write down the equation relating current, resistance and voltage.

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(iii)   Calculate the reading on the ammeter.

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(b) The thermistor is now placed in a beaker containing hot water. The ammeter now reads 8 mA.

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(ii)    What is the resistance of the thermistor now?

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TOTAL  / 9

High Demand Questions                            QUESTIONSHEET 5

(a) The diagram below shows how several appliances have been connected to one wall socket.

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(b) When a lawnmower is plugged in, it is often advised that a circuit breaker should also be used. Why?                                        (2 marks, 2 lines)

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TOTAL  / 5

High Demand Questions                            QUESTIONSHEET 6

An electrical device with three heat settings may use two identical elements.

 elements

 B

 A

If the elements are connected in parallel, a high heat is produced.

On medium heat only one element is used.

On low heat, the elements are connected in series.

(a) (i)    Draw the three circuits described above.

[6]

(ii)  Explain why each circuit produces a different level of heat.

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TOTAL  / 12

High Demand Questions                            QUESTIONSHEET 7

An electric fire is designed to run on a 240 V supply.

It has a power rating of 3 kW.

(a) (i)    What current will the fire draw from the electricity supply?

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(ii)    What would be the correct fuse rating for the fire?

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(b) What is the resistance of the element of the fire?

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(c) In addition to the use of a fuse, what other safety precaution would be built into the design of the fire?

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TOTAL  / 6

High Demand Questions                            QUESTIONSHEET 8

Melissa has a number of coloured light bulbs, which she wishes to use for Christmas decorations.

Each bulb runs on a 240 V supply and is rated as 60 W.

(a) How many bulbs can Melissa use with a 5 amp fuse?

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(b) Draw a diagram of the circuit she would use.

(3)

[3]

(c) Assume that electrical energy costs 12 kWh

How much would it cost Melissa to run her lights for 6 hours a night for 15 nights?

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TOTAL  / 10

##### Medium Demand QuestionsQUESTIONSHEET 9

Michael has a train set which he plugs into a transformer powered by the mains.

 500 turns

 25 turns

(a) If the mains voltage is 240 V and the number of turns in the transformer coils are as stated above,

calculate the voltage output of the transformer.                                                                                                               (3 marks, 3 lines)

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(b) 2 ammeters are placed as shown.

(i)      What does an ammeter measure?                                                                                                                          (1 mark, 1 line)

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(ii)    Which ammeter will show a higher reading?                                                                                                            (1 mark, 1 line)

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(c) Transformers are also used in the transmission of electricity through the National Grid.

(i)    Is this electricity transmitted at low voltage or low current?

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(ii)    Why is this?                                                                                                                                                                         (2 marks, 3 lines)

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TOTAL  / 8

##### Medium Demand QuestionsQUESTIONSHEET 10

(a) John wants to design a circuit using a thermistor to switch on a heater in a greenhouse. He obtained resistance and temperature data for thermistors from a catalogue, as shown in the table.

 Resistance (kW) 350 200 100 50 20 5 temperature (oC) 0 10 25 50 75 100

(i)    What is a thermistor?                                                                                                                                                      (1 mark, 1 line)

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(ii)    Plot a graph of resistance against temperature.                                                                                 [2]                    (2 marks, 0 lines)

(iii)   What is happening to the resistance as the temperature increases?

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(Continued...)

QUESTIONSHEET 10 CONTINUED

(b) (i)    In the circuit described, what would happen to the reading on the ammeter as the temperature

decreased?                                                                                                                                                                               (1 mark, 1 line)

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(ii)    Calculate the current flowing in the circuit if the potential difference across the battery at 25oC is 4V.                                            (2 marks, 2 lines)

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(c) Name a component which could be used in a circuit designed to detect if it was day or night.

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TOTAL  / 8

##### Medium Demand QuestionsQUESTIONSHEET 11

(a) Jade decides to conduct an experiment on the filament bulb from her torch to see how the current varies with the potential difference across it.

Draw a circuit diagram of Jade’s circuit.

[2]

(b) The data she obtained is shown in the table.

 Potential difference (V) 0 0.05 0.15 0.5 0.9 1.7 2.6 3.8 current (A) 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.19 0.25 0.3 0.36

(i)    Plot a graph of potential difference against current.                                                                          [2]                    (2 marks, 0 lines)

(Continued...)

QUESTIONSHEET 11 CONTINUED

(ii)    Use the graph to find the potential difference across the bulb when the current measures 0.2 A.

(1 mark, 1 line)

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(iii)   Calculate the resistance of the bulb when the current is 0.2 A.

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(iv)   How does the resistance of the bulb change as the current increases?

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TOTAL  / 8

Medium Demand Questions                      QUESTIONSHEET 12

(a) The table shows the electricity meter readings for the Allen household for one year.

 Date present reading (kWh) previous reading (kWh) units used (kWh) December 1998 29349 28562 March 1999 30097 29349 June 1999 30701 30097 September 1999 31228 30701

(i)   Complete the table to show the units used in each quarter.                                                                 [2]

(ii)    When was the reading highest?                                                                                                                                    (1 mark, 1 line)

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(iii)   Suggest a reason for this.                                                                                                                                                (1 mark, 1 line)

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(b) Angela comes home from work and makes a cup of tea, using the kettle for 5 minutes.  She uses the

kettle twice more for 5 minutes a time during the evening.  She washes her hair, then uses the hair

drier for 15 minutes.  She then spends 30 minutes ironing, then watches television for 2 hours.

She puts the light on in the living room for 4 hours during the evening.

The following table shows the power ratings for the equipment she used.  If electricity costs 10 per

unit, and cost is calculated using:  cost = units used in kWh  x cost per unit,

(i)    complete the table with the times used and units in kWh for each appliance.                                       [3]

(ii)    calculate the cost of the electricity used that evening.                                                                                          (1 mark, 2 lines)

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 Appliance power rating (W) time used (h) kWh kettle 2000 hair drier 700 television 200 iron 800 light bulb 100

TOTAL  / 8

##### Medium Demand QuestionsQUESTIONSHEET 13

The figure shows two types of light bulb - an filament bulb (150 W) and a low energy bulb (30 W).

Both lamps produce the same amount of light energy.

(a) Which bulb is more efficient?

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(b) One kilowatt-hour of electricity costs 8p. Use the following equations to calculate the total cost of

using the filament bulb for its lifetime. (1000 hours)

units = power ´ time

cost of electricity = energy transferred ´ price per unit

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(c) The low energy bulb uses one fifth of the electrical energy. How much does it cost to use the

low energy bulb for 1000 hours?

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TOTAL  / 5

##### Medium Demand QuestionsQUESTIONSHEET 14

The figure shows the plate that appears on the bottom of a toaster.

 model no.: 765/432 1000 W 230 V 50 Hz

(a) What is the power rating of the toaster?

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(b) (i)    Write down the equation which relates current, power and voltage.

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(ii)    Calculate the current used by the toaster when it is operating. Show clearly how you obtain

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(c) (i)    The plug contains a fuse. What is the purpose of the fuse?

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(ii)    If 3A, 5A, 10A and 13 A fuses are available, which one should be fitted to the plug?

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TOTAL  / 7

##### Medium Demand QuestionsQUESTIONSHEET 15

The diagram shows a small electric kettle. When it is connected to a 220 V power supply 1100 J of energy are transferred each second.

(a) What is the power of the kettle?

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(b) (i)    Write down the equation which relates current, power and voltage.

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(ii)    Calculate the current used by the electric kettle when it is operating. Show clearly how you obtain

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(c) (i)    Write down the equation which relates current, resistance and voltage.

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(ii)    Calculate the resistance of the heating element in the kettle. Show clearly how you obtain your answer.

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(d) The kettle is now connected to a 110 V power supply. By what factor does the energy transferred

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TOTAL  / 10

##### Medium Demand QuestionsQUESTIONSHEET 16

A piece of electrical equipment is designed to run on mains voltage.

It has a metal case.

Two safety measures are built into its design.

For each of the safety measures listed below explain why it is necessary and outline how it works.

(a) the case of the piece of equipment is earthed

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(b) a fuse is put into the circuit

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TOTAL  / 6

Low Demand Questions                           QUESTIONSHEET 17

The diagram shows an electric fire rated at 3 kW. It is connected to a 240 V mains supply using a standard three pin plug.

(a) Calculate the current used by the electric fire when it is operating. Show clearly how you obtain your answer.

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(b) The plug has three wires - earth, live and neutral. Complete the table below to indicate what current flows in each wire when the fire is operating normally.                                                                                                         [3]

 wire current /A earth live neutral

(c) Explain what happens to the currents in each of the wires if the live wire touches the metal case of  the

electric heater.

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TOTAL  / 8

##### Low Demand QuestionsQUESTIONSHEET 18

The diagram below shows a mains electricity plug.

(a) Complete the table below:

 Wire Name Colour A B C

[3]

(b) A plastic 200 W hairdryer often only has two wires

(i)    Which wire is not used?

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(ii)    Why is this wire not needed?

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(c) The plug also has a fuse. What is a fuse and how does it work?

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TOTAL  / 9

##### Low Demand QuestionsQUESTIONSHEET 19

Complete the following sentences.

(a) A kilowatt-hour is the electrical energy used by a one ________ appliance in ________.

Electricity companies refer to a kilowatt-hour as a _________ of electricity.

[3]

(b) Electricity meters are joule meters.

1 kw hr    =    1000 J/s    ´    3600 s

Complete the calculation to work out what 1 Kilowatt hour is in Joules

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(c) The main fuses available are 3 amp. 5 amp and 13 amp.

(i)    Complete the table below to show the correct fuse to use for each appliance.

 appliance power correct fuse lamp 100 W immersion heater 3 kW iron 750 W

[3]                        (3)

(ii)    Which of the following uses the most units of electricity:

A     an immersion heater being used for 2 hours?

B     a lamp being left on for 12 hours?

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TOTAL  / 11

##### Low Demand QuestionsQUESTIONSHEET 20

Complete the following sentences.

A fuse prevents circuit from carrying too large a ________.  This helps to cut down the risk of ________.

It also prevents an electrical appliance from being ________.

Fuse wires are made of ________ which have a very low ________ point.

A 5 amp fuse can carry a current of ________, but will ________ if a larger current flows.

The fuse must be in the ________ wire of the circuit.

TOTAL  / 8